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Oil & Gas Production

Ethylbenzene  compound

CAS#: 100-41-4
Chemical Name: Ethylbenzene

Chemical Synonyms: EB; ethyl benzene; benzene, ethyl-; ethylbenzol; phenylethane; etilbenzene; ethylbenzeen; aethylbenzo; etylobenzen

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
Adhesives and sealant chemicals, Fuels and fuel additives, Intermediates, Laboratory
chemicals, Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories, Processing
aids not otherwise listed, Solvents (for cleaning or degreasing), Solvents (which become part
of product formulation or mixture), Arts, Crafts, and Hobby Materials, Building/Construction
Materials not covered elsewhere, Electrical and Electronic Products, Food Packaging, Fuels
and Related Products, Furniture and Furnishings not covered elsewhere, Lawn and Garden
Care Products, Paints and Coatings, Plastic and Rubber Products not covered elsewhere,
Toys, Playground, and Sporting Equipment.

Styrene compound

CAS#: 100-42-5
Chemical Name: Styrene

Chemical Synonyms: cinnamene, ethenyl benzene, phenylethene, phenylethylene and vinylbenzene

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
Styrene is used predominately in the production of polystyrene plastics and resins. Also used as an intermediate in the synthesis of materials used for ion exchange resins and to produce copolymers.

1,3 Butadiene compound

CAS#: 106-99-0
Chemical Name: 1,3 Butadiene

Chemical Synonyms: Biethylene, Erythrene, Divinyl, Vinylethylene, Bivinyl, Butadiene

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1,3 Butadiene is used primarily in the production of synthetic rubbers and polymers

Acrolein compound

CAS#: 107-02-8
Chemical Name: Acrolein

Chemical Synonyms: 2 Propenal; 2-Propenal; Acraldehyde; Acrylaldehyde; Acrylic Aldehyde; Aldehyde, Acrylic; Aldehyde, Allyl; Aldehyde, Ethylene; Allyl Aldehyde; Aqualin; Ethylene Aldehyde

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Adhesives and sealant chemicals
2. Intermediates
3. Processing aids, specific to petroleum production

Acrylonitrile compound

CAS#: 107-13-1
Chemical Name: Acrylonitrile

Chemical Synonyms: Cyanoethene; vinyl cyanide (VCN); cyanoethylene; propenenitrile;

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
Acrylonitrile is used principally as a monomer to prepare polyacrylonitrile, a homopolymer, or several important copolymers, such as styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), acrylonitrile styrene acrylate (ASA), and other synthetic rubbers such as acrylonitrile butadiene (NBR). Dimerization of acrylonitrile affords adiponitrile, used in the synthesis of certain polyamides. Small amounts are also used as a fumigant. Acrylonitrile and derivatives, such as 2-chloro-acrylonitrile, are dienophiles in Diels-Alder reactions. Acrylonitrile is also a precursor in the industrial manufacture of acrylamide and acrylic acid. (EU RAR 2004)

Toulene compound

CAS#: 108-88-3
Chemical Name: Toulene

Chemical Synonyms: “Benzene, methyl-”, “Methacide”, “Methylbenzene”, “Phenylmethane”, “TOLU”, “Toluene”, “Toluol”

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Used commercially in the production of benzene and many other chemicals, e.g. benzoic acid, nitrotoluenes, dyes, pharmaceuticals, food additives, plastics, etc.
2. Widely used as a solvent in coatings, adhesives, inks, pharmaceuticals and chemical processing.

2-heptanone compound

CAS#: 110-43-0
Chemical Name: 2-heptanone

Chemical Synonyms: Amyl methyl ketone, Butyl acetone, Methyl n-amyl ketone, Methyl pentyl ketone

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Ink, Toner, and Colorant Products
2. Paints and Coatings
3. Paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories
4. Processing aids, not otherwise listed
5. Solvents (which become part of product formulation or mixture)

4-heptanone compound

CAS#: 123-19-3
Chemical Name: 4-heptanone

Chemical Synonyms: Butyrone, Di-N-Propyl Ketone, Dipropyl Ketone, Heptan-4-One, 4-Oxoheptane, Propyl Ketone

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Solvents (which become part of product formulation or mixture)
2. Paints and Coatings

Xylenes compound

CAS#: 1330-20-7
Chemical Name: Xylenes

Chemical Synonyms: Dimethylbenzene (1,2-; 1,3-; or 1,4-); Xylenes; Xylol (mixture); m-, o-, or p-xylene (isomers); Methyltoluene

Primary Applications: Adhesives, Hydraulic Fracturing, Oil & Gas Production, Solvents
Xylenes are commonly used as an industrial solvent for paints, coatings, adhesives, and rubber.

Limonene  compound

CAS#: 138-86-3
Chemical Name: Limonene

Chemical Synonyms: Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. d-Limonene is FDA approved as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) when used as a synthetic flavoring substance and/or adjuvant in food. It is also commonly used as a fragrance in personal care products. In pesticide formulations, it is considered an inert ingredient when used as a solvent or fragrance.
2. d-Limonene has solvent properties and is common in numerous consumer and industrial cleaning products.
3. Experimental uses of d-limonene have been reported for dissolving gallstones.

Ethyl Octynol compound

CAS#: 5877-42-9
Chemical Name: Ethyl Octynol

Chemical Synonyms: 4-Ethyl-3-hydroxy-1-octyne; 4-Ethyl-1-octyn-3-0l; 4-Ethyl-1-octyn-3-ol; EINECS 227-545-9; Ethyloctynol; NSC 62119; UNII-L1LYK1CE9P; 1-Octyn-3-ol, 4-ethyl-; 1-Octyne-3-ol, 4-ethyl-; 4-Ethyloct-1-yn-3-ol

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Fracking fluid chemical
2. Oilfield corrosion inhibitor 
3. An intermediate precursor 

Methanol compound

CAS#: 67-56-1
Chemical Name: Methanol

Chemical Synonyms: Methyl alcohol, Methyl alcohol [NF], AI3-00409, Alcohol, methyl, Alcool methylique, Alcool methylique [French], Alcool metilico, Alcool metilico [Italian], Bieleski's solution, Carbinol Caswell No. 552, CCRIS 2301, Coat-B1400, Colonial Spirit, Colonial spirits, Columbian Spirit, Columbian spirits, EC 200-659-6, EINECS 200-659-6, EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 05380, Eureka Products Criosine Disinfectant, Eureka Products, Criosine, Freers Elm Arrester, HSDB 93, Ideal Concentrated Wood Preservative, Metanol, Metanol [Spanish], Metanolo, Metanolo [Italian], Methyl hydrate, Methyl hydroxide, Methylalkohol, Methylalkohol [German], Methylol, Metylowy alcohol, Metylowy alkohol [Polish], Monohydroxymethane, NSC 85232, Pyroxylic Spirit, Pyroxylic spirits, RCRA waste number U154, Surflo-B17, UNII-Y4S76JWI15, Wilbur-Ellis Smut-Guard, Wood alcohol, Wood naphtha, Wood Spirit, X-Cide 402 Industrial Bactericide, [UN1230] [Flammable liquid, Poison]

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Fracturing fluids
2. Industrial solvent
3. Dehydrating pipelines, as a de-icing agent
4. Duplicating fluid
5. Fuel additive, and in the production of formaldehyde, acetic acid, and methyl tertiary butyl ether

Benzene compound

CAS#: 71-43-2
Chemical Name: Benzene

Chemical Synonyms: Benzol, Cyclohexatriene, Phene, Phenyl hydride; Benzole; Carbon oil; Mineral naphtha; Coal naphtha; Motor benzol (ChemIDPlus 2014)

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Oil & Gas Production, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Benzene is a chemical that functions as a raw material and intermediate for chemical synthesis, a solvent, a gasoline additive, and a natural component of diesel fuel that is used as a solvent in hydraulic fracturing fluids. Identified from air monitoring of unconventional natural gas extraction

Vinyl chloride compound

CAS#: 75-01-4
Chemical Name: Vinyl chloride

Chemical Synonyms: Chloroethylene; Chloroethene; Ethene, chloro-; Monochloroethene; Monochloroethylene; VC

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
Most of the vinyl chloride produced in the United States is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Ethylene oxide compound

CAS#: 75-21-8
Chemical Name: Ethylene oxide

Chemical Synonyms: Oxirane; Oxirane; Epoxyethane; Oxacyclopropane; Dimethylene oxide; Dihydrooxirene

Propylene oxide compound

CAS#: 75-56-9
Chemical Name: Propylene oxide

Chemical Synonyms: 1,2-epoxypropane, methyloxirane, propene epoxide, propene oxide

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Adhesives and sealant chemicals
2. Flame retardants
3. Fuels and fuel additives
4. Functional fluids (closed systems)
5. Functional fluids (open systems)
6. Intermediates
7. Surface active agents
8. Viscosity adjustors
9. Anti-Freeze and De-icing Products
10. Fuels and Related Products
11. Laundry and Dishwashing Products

Hydrochloric acid compound

CAS#: 7647-01-0
Chemical Name: Hydrochloric acid

Chemical Synonyms: hydrogen chloride; muriatic acid. Note hydrochloric acid generally refers to the aqueous form, where hydrogen chloride refers to the gaseous form.

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Hydrogen chloride is a High Production Volume (HPV) industrial chemical. It can be synthesized by direct reaction of hydrogen and chlorine, by reaction of metal chlorides and acids, and as a by-product from many chemical manufacturing processes such as chlorinated hydrocarbons. It is sold commercially in gaseous or liquid forms at various concentrations. Anhydrous hydrogen chloride is mainly used to produce chlorinated compounds such as ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride, etc. Aqueous forms are commonly used for oil well acidification and steel pickling 
2. Hydrogen chloride is also naturally occurring in the environment by reaction of sea salt and acidic sulphate in the ocean, through atmospheric or aquatic degradation of organo-halongens, etc.

Hydrofluoric acid compound

CAS#: 7664-39-3
Chemical Name: Hydrofluoric acid

Chemical Synonyms: Hydrogen flouride

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
1. Glass etching (HSDB, 2007)
2. acidizing to stimulate oil and gas production from sandstone reservoirs (HSDB, 2007)

Naphthalene compound

CAS#: 91-20-3
Chemical Name: Naphthalene

Chemical Synonyms: Antimite; naphthalin; naphthene, tar camphor (ECB, 2003)

Primary Applications: Hydraulic Fracturing, Oil & Gas Production, Processing Aids and Additives, Solvents
Hydraulic fracturing fluid additive; Numerous uses cited by ECB (2003) include chemical intermediate or reagent in the manufacturing of phthalic anhydride, azo dyes, naphthalene sulfonic acids (for the manufacture of plasticizers for concrete, ingredient in plasterboard, dispersants in synthetic and natural rubbers, and in tanning agents for leather industries), alkylated naphthalene solvents, and feed stock in numerous miscellaneous chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Also used in mothballs (as a moth repellant and insecticide), for pyrotechnics in the film industry (to make ignitable pellets for the generation of black smoke, or in a container with a charge to simulate an explosion), and in the manufacture of grinding wheels.

o-xylene compound

CAS#: 95-47-6
Chemical Name: o-xylene

Chemical Synonyms: 1,2-dimethyl-benzene; o-methyltoluene; 1,2-xylene; o-xylol; ortho-xylene

Primary Applications: Oil & Gas Production
Approximately 92% of the mixed xylenes produced are blended into gasoline. The remainder is used in a variety of solvent applications as well as to produce the individual isomers of xylene.